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  • 在脱硫塔施工过程中的注意事项
  • 本站编辑:杭州佳科化工设备有限公司发布日期:2019-03-01 10:07 浏览次数:

在脱硫塔施工过程中的注意事项

Matters needing attention in the construction of desulfurization tower

1机具校验

1 Machine calibration

根据施工要求,先进行入厂设备机具的效验和检查。

According to the construction requirements, the validity and inspection of the equipment and tools in the factory should be carried out first.

2风险辨识

2 Risk Identification

从脱硫塔工程项目顺利实施和安全角度考虑,对现场的风险进行评估并逐项识别!

Considering the smooth implementation and safety of the desulfurization tower project, the risk of the site is assessed and identified one by one! __________

2.1 高处作业、交叉作业群组协同作业

2.1 Group Cooperative Work of Altitude Work and Cross Work

风险源(危害因素):未正确使用安全用品、用具; 脱硫塔施工人员注意力不集中;防护设施器材缺失、不完善;物品放置不妥;多人协同作业时无指挥、动作乱。可能的事故后果:高处坠落、落物打击、人员触电、人员砸碰磕绊挤压、设施损坏!控制措施:四级 L0M 监督人员按职责到位,多人协同作业必须有人指挥、协调、确认设立专职监护人,做好施工前5min安全隐患排查和签字见证,加强安全意识,采取防护措施:

Risk sources (hazards): incorrect use of safety supplies and appliances; inadequate attention of desulfurization tower builders; absence and imperfection of protective equipment; inappropriate placement of articles; lack of command and disorderly movements when many people work together. Possible accident consequences: falling, falling objects strike, electric shock, stumbling and extrusion, facility damage! Control measures: Level 4 L0M supervisors are in place according to their duties, many people must be directed, coordinated, confirmed the establishment of full-time guardians, do a good job of 5 minutes before the construction of potential safety hazards investigation and signature witness, strengthen safety awareness, take protective measures:

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(1)按规定正确使用安全带、工具袋:

(1) Correct use of seat belts and tool bags as required:

(2)高处施工应当消除上部空间易坠落物品,搭设隔离措施"搭防护网,临边作业拆除防护后要及时恢复,或落实硬杆防护和警示标识;工作面下方应有警戒区"设置安全警示标识或其它防护隔离措施,加强监护作业;

(2) Construction at high altitudes should eliminate falling objects in upper space, erect isolation measures such as "putting up protective nets, recovering in time after dismantling protection in frontier operations, or implementing hard pole protection and warning signs; there should be warning zones below the working face" to set up safety warning signs or other protective isolation measures to strengthen monitoring operations;

(3)不许上下投掷工具或材料;吊装时应捆扎牢固;

(3) Do not throw tools or materials up and down; they should be firmly tied up when hoisting.

(4)禁止攀登不牢靠的构架,踩踏登石棉板"瓦棱板等轻型材料作业,必要时须铺设牢固的脚手板,并加以固定;

(4) It is forbidden to climb unstable frames and trample on asbestos boards, tiles and other light materials. When necessary, strong scaffolds should be laid and fixed.

(5)所有进入脱硫塔工作现场的人员按照规定劳保着装;根据施工需要配置职业防护用品;

(5) All personnel entering the working site of the desulfurization tower shall wear labor insurance clothes according to the regulations, and shall be equipped with occupational protective articles according to the construction needs;

(6)施工时移开的沟"坑"孔"洞盖板"围栏,离开现场时,必须及时恢复或采取有效隔离!

(6) The trench "pit" hole "hole cover board" fence removed during construction must be restored in time or effectively isolated when leaving the site.

2.2 周边防护

2.2 Peripheral Protection

风险源(危害因素): 脱硫塔施工过程中人员进入其他设备、管线运行区域、致使正在运行区域停工或造成自身的损害!可能的事故后果:造成局部停工、人员受伤!控制措施:现场施工做好周边防护,防止无关人员进入,同时防止现场施工人员进入其他区域。

Risk Source (Hazard Factor): During the construction of desulfurization tower, people enter other equipment, pipeline operation area, causing the operation area to stop or cause their own damage! Possible accident consequences: causing partial shutdown, personnel injury! Control measures: doing peripheral protection in site construction, preventing unrelated personnel from entering, and preventing site constructors from entering other areas.

2.3药剂安全管理

2.3 Pharmaceutical Safety Management

风险源(危害因素): 施工前拉好施工警戒线、施工范围内禁止其他工种进入,施工场地周围做好施工防范措施,准备必要的水源等!可能的事故后果:造成烧伤"灼伤事故!控制措施:员工上岗必须按规定正确穿戴劳动保护用品!遵守安全操作规程,遵守劳动纪律,严禁酒后上岗!在施工区域要指定安全通道,保证安全通道畅通,注意各种安全标识,不随意拆除或占用各种安全防护装置"安全标识和检测仪表等!

Risk source (hazard factor): Pull up construction warning line before construction, prohibit other types of work from entering within the scope of construction, take precautions around construction site, prepare necessary water sources, etc. Possible accident consequences: cause burns "burns accident! Control measures: employees must wear labor protection articles correctly according to regulations when on duty! Obey safety operating rules, observe labor discipline, and strictly prohibit drinking. On duty! In the construction area to designate a safe passage to ensure the smooth passage, pay attention to a variety of safety signs, do not arbitrarily remove or occupy a variety of safety protective devices, "safety signs and detection instruments, etc!"

2.4 施工用电

2.4 Construction Electricity

风险源(危害因素): 脱硫塔施工过程中接线"接地"接零有缺陷时易造成人员触电"裸露导体温度过高引燃周围可燃物!可能的事故后果:人员触电"设施损坏"火灾!控制措施:电工施工作业时要落实监督人员职责,按照规章制度挂牌,电工要严格执行电气安全技术操作规程,线路敷设要有防护措施,线路接头做好防水"绝缘包扎,移动式电器手持电动工具做到$一机一闸 一保护%!非专职电工严禁涉电!

Risk Source (Hazard Factor): In the process of desulfurization tower construction, the defective connection of "grounding" is liable to cause electric shock of personnel "high temperature of bare conductor ignites surrounding combustibles!" Possible accident consequences: personnel electric shock"facilities damage"fire! Control measures: Electrician construction work should implement the responsibilities of supervisors, listed in accordance with rules and regulations, electrical workers should strictly implement the technical operating rules of electrical safety, Line laying should have protective measures, line joints should be waterproof "insulation bandage", mobile electrical hand-held power tools to achieve $1 machine, one gate, one protection%! Non-full-time electricians are strictly prohibited from involving electricity!